„The risks of benzodiazepines are well documented and include psychological and physical effects. The former include subjective sedation, paradoxical release from anxiety and/or hostility, psychomotor disorders, memory impairment, and the risk of accidents. „Professor Malcolm H. Lader. Restrictions on the use of benzodiazepines for anxiety and insomnia: are they justified? Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 1999 Dec;9 Suppl 6:S399-405. Benzodiazepines are class C drugs. Some benzodiazepines belong to Annex 3 and others to Annex 4 (1). Possession without a prescription or delivery or manufacture without a license is illegal. In a statement, Twitter said: „The safety of people on Twitter is our top priority and it is against our rules to use our service for illegal activities. Sky News found that sellers falsely insisted that it is legal to buy benzodiazepines without a prescription. In fact, there is no real difference (except for addiction associated with sedatives) between the Vioxx patient who goes to a doctor with pain symptoms, it is said that a new drug on the market is promising, only to be killed or injured later by its side effects, and the patient who goes to a doctor with stress. Life-related worries, sports injuries and many other conditions, it is said that a benzodiazepine offers a good opportunity for improvement, only to become dependent and therefore often suffer serious health, social and economic consequences. Neither group of patients was looking for medication – each group trusted what their doctor had told them.
They didn`t buy medicines on the street or on the internet – they were prescribed medicines authorised by the NHS. „As with people who abuse drugs like heroin and cocaine, we expect those who abuse benzodiazepines to have access to a range of primary and secondary care services to meet their needs. All benzodiazepines are prescription drugs under the Drug Act. This means that they can only be legally dispensed by a pharmacist according to a doctor`s prescription. Sedatives, smaller sedatives, transx, vermouth drops, benzos buprenorphine is a class C drug, list 3. Possession is illegal without a prescription and is punishable by up to 2 years in prison and a fine. Luciana Berger, MP for Liverpool Wavertree, said: „Young people have shared with me their concerns about the ease of access to the medicine and the negative effects it can have.” We learned during a recent parliamentary debate that 130 million benzodiazepine tablets (including Xanax) have found their place on the UK criminal market since 2014. With Valium`s 20-fold workforce, the government urgently needs to do more to protect the public and prevent Xanax from being sold illegally online and in person. Sky News has seen evidence that the pandemic could push more people to buy illegal sleeping pills and anxiety medications online. Figures sent to Sky News by WEDINOS show that the number of benzodiazepines submitted during the pandemic year in 2020 increased by 25% compared to the previous year. However, in recent years, a number of illegally produced benzodiazepines have spread across the UK.
Not all of these variants are controlled under the Drug Abuse Act and often contain dangerous amounts of the drug. For more information, see New Benzodiazepines: A Review of the Evidence of Use and Harms of New Benzodiazepines, (PDF) CADMA, 2020. In July 2020, the MHRA issued a warning about evidence of harm caused by illegal or counterfeit benzodiazepines. This warning addressed the availability and harms of illicit drugs sold in the form of benzodiazepines, particularly when used in conjunction with alcohol and other drugs with respiratory calming effects, including gabapentinoids and opioids. The information we received from TICTAC, a drug analysis laboratory, confirmed that samples that look like real Xanax tablets actually contained other drugs such as Eizolam, another benzodiazepine associated with a large number of deaths in Scotland. TICTAC also found that „fake” tablets containing alprazolam varied considerably in strength, with some tablets having more than 10 times the normal dose of a genuine Xanax tablet. Other medical uses of benzodiazepines include muscle relaxants, preoperative relaxants, epilepsy and mania, as well as in the treatment of alcohol and opiate withdrawal. Although benzodiazepine prescriptions have decreased, deaths associated with benzodiazepines have increased in the UK over the past decade, in line with the growing role of illegally produced benzodiazepines, according to the 2020 review by the Advisory Council on Drug Abuse.
The ONS report Deaths related to drug poisoning in England and Wales: 2020 records indicate that there were an increasing number of benzodiazepine deaths in 2020 (a 19.3% increase from 2019; from 399 to 476 deaths). As media coverage of alprazolam continues, PHE has been asked to comment, especially on trends. There is evidence that its use is a growing problem, especially among young people and young adults. However, the data we have do not give a clear picture of the prevalence of alprazolam use, as some of these data cover all benzodiazepines and not specifically alprazolam, making it more difficult to detect changes in use. Dawn Primarolo has been Minister of Health since 2008. Here are two of his answers to questions to parliament about addiction to prescribed benzodiazepines, which shows how his deep concern has not continued once in power: Interior Ministry figures suggest that benzodiazepine abuse has caused 17,000 deaths since its introduction in the sixties. „In primary care, the waiting list for `counselling, counselling and/or psychological therapy` can be up to two years, and then it is too late for the long-term patient to benefit, especially since therapists are unaware of the effects of benzodiazepines and withdrawal. Secondary health care services are generally not available for prescribed benzodiazepine users; They are regularly rejected because they do not also use opiates or other „hard drugs”.
Psychiatric centres and specialized drug services are in any case inadequate and often catastrophic for users of prescribed benzodiazepines, who constitute a very different population from that of illegal drug users. The „rate issuance system” is a gross insult to prescribed users and reflects the stubborn ignorance of the Ministry of Health, which seems to deal only with illegal addicts. Nor is it the latest attempt to kick out responsibility for patients – the false but convenient belief that victims of prescribed drugs, just like illegal users, are aggressors.