In May 1905, Clyde F.C. suggested that players not be sidelined in their own half, but this proposal was rejected by the Scottish Football Association.  It was objected that the change would result in „strikers hanging around like opportunists near the middle line.” After Scotland`s international match against England in April 1906 ended with repeated offsides by the Scottish wingers, Clyde again proposed the same rule change to the Scottish Association: this time it was accepted.  At the FA meeting, the amendment „gave rise to a lengthy discussion in which many agreed with Mr Morley that it would be preferable to abolish the offside law altogether, especially since the Sheffield clubs did not have one. However, as it turned out that the rule could not be lifted without notice, the amendment was adopted.    The latest implication of the offside rule is more of a curiosity than anything currently used in MLS – it actually allows the ball to be used as an offensive technique. Since there is no need to be on the side when throwing, players can pack the box, forcing defenders to go back and blocking the penalty area even more. This causes chaos because the ball can then be thrown quite quickly over the head (no arc is needed as with a flank or corner), and it is very difficult to defend. Stoke City`s Rory Delap has become a feared attacking weapon in the Premier League simply because he is very good at throwing long, fast shots into the penalty area.
However, I`m not sure this technique will ever spread further – there`s no good reason why the offside rule shouldn`t apply to shots, and the idea that a forward-throw pass is a strong threat seems to go against the rest of the rules of the game. But that`s cool, and that`s what matters, right? Previously, an offensive player had to have at least three players from the defensive team between him and the opponent`s goal to avoid offside, but this rule has been optimized over the years. Most of the surviving rules of pre-1860 independent football clubs have no offside law. This applies to the short handwritten legislation of the Foot-Ball Club of Edinburgh (1833), the published laws of the Surrey Football Club (1849), the first legislative body of the Sheffield Football Club (1858), and those of the Melbourne Football Club (1859).  In the Sheffield match, the players known as „kick-through” were permanently positioned near the opposing goal.  Here, the offside rule is explained in 3 simple points. This situation lasted until 1920, when the law was changed to prevent a player from being offside during a throw.   This rule change was welcomed on the grounds that it would discourage teams from „seeking safety or wasting time touching [the ball],” thereby reducing interruptions. There are a few other points to keep in mind about the rules. The first point is to ensure that stupid mistakes made by defenders do not fall under the offside law. Distractions don`t count as changes in ball possession for our purposes – the ball has to be hit intentionally. The second point exists to prevent the offside rule from being used as a means of prolonging an attack: if the rule also applied in the opposing half of the field, it would be possible to lock the whole team in its penalty area, which is clearly beyond the intention of the law. The third means that an attacking player can still play the ball sideways or backwards, even to a player who would otherwise be offside (this would happen with the two-on-one option in Figure 1), and also means that it is physically impossible to be offside on a corner kick. The fourth means that it is impossible to be offside on the throws, which raises interesting possibilities. I don`t really understand the point of the goal rule, but it doesn`t matter. These are bold statements, especially without references.
I could easily answer your second statement with „who?” (Offside rules reduce the entertainment value of the game. It was the sterility of Italia 90, like so many rule changes, that gave the impetus. In the beginning, a player who was equal with the penultimate defender was considered offside, when he should have been behind before. Then, in 1995, there was a subtle change in the text of the law so that a player is considered active when he „gains an advantage by being in that position” and not, as before, when he „seeks an advantage”. This, too, is a very bold statement; This is not only a bold statement, but also very subjective. I`m not a big hockey fan and so I won`t reveal a word about whether or not the game is better without the offside rule, but even though it made the game more entertaining, there are two logical pitfalls to your statement: In today`s game, The head referee is assisted by two assistant referees who walk along the sidelines during the football match. and alerted him when players were caught in an offside position and the offside rule was violated. The offside rule has caused some of the most frustrating moments in football and is the bane of some football fans` existence. Offside is often called at the most inopportune moments of the game, and almost every team in the history of football has been at the end of a monstrous offside. To enforce this rule, the referee relies heavily on an assistant referee, who usually stays in line with the penultimate opponent, ball or center line, depending on which is closer to the goal line of their respective end. : 176 An assistant referee signals an offside offence by first raising his flag to an upright position and then, when the referee stops play, by partially lowering his flag to an angle indicating the location of the offence::192 Modern law stops this, but brilliantly it does so without the side effect of legitimizing the offside trap. And that, even at the most basic level, must be a good thing.
Surely no one, not even George Graham, goes to a game thinking, „Hmm, I hope they play a good offside today?” Getting defenders to defend, to force them, to score or block, to intercept or tackle, must be a good thing. Opta`s statistics show that there were 7.8 offsides per game in the Premier League in 1997-98, after which there was a fairly steady drop to 6.3 in 2005-06. Since the new law came into effect, there has been a further decline to 4.8 this season. As early as 1893, the Scottish FA pushed for a move from a three-player offside rule to a two-player offside rule.  Such an amendment was first proposed at an IFAB meeting in 1894, where it was rejected.  It was again proposed by the SFA in 1902 at the insistence of Celtic FC and again rejected.    Another SFA proposal also failed in 1913, after the Football Association objected.    The SFA made the same proposal in 1914 when it was again rejected after opposition from the Football Association and the Football Association.      The offside rules came into effect more than a century ago, but it is still one of the most difficult rules of football to understand. Here`s a guide.
The offside rule has been a source of countless controversial calls in football, largely because they have been completely left to the whims of human error. Wikipedia has an interesting article on the history of the offside rule, which mentions, among other things, that the offside rule is very old (19th century) and that it was much stricter than it is today. What was once „4 opponents” has gradually become „3 opponents” and finally „2 opponents”. However, there are not many references in the article, which kills the effect of the article. On 30 March 1925, the FA held a trial at Highbury, where two proposals to change the offside rules were tested. During the first half, a player could only be offside within forty meters of the opponent`s goal line.